In my post-post musings on Edward Docx's postmodernism article I eventually wended to recollection of this Bret Easton Ellis thing about Charlie Sheen from a few months back. As I recalled, it made the opposite argument about the current cultural state of affairs (I'm referring to Docx's final point; I refused to give it away in my last post but have already slyly done so this time). I recalled Ellis making the argument from the direction of pop culture, rather than that of art & philosophy; making the argument more entertainingly, if equally more glibly, displaying an annoying and evidently calculated ethical slipperiness.
I was right about that much. But wait, I thought as I reread the Ellis. Is this really the opposite argument? Maybe this is a description of where we are now, the rococo moment, the high-baroque waterline of irony. And Docx is looking down the valley at the big A-word to come. Or maybe they're arguing the same thing in totally opposite ways. Ellis' dichotomy of Empire and post-Empire (of course it had to be "post-" something...) concerns itself centrally with the role of authenticity--actually it's about authentic authenticity versus overplayed and therefore inauthentic authenticity. The question is whether these two authors' very different ideas of authenticity can be bridged.
OPINION: Yeah, I've concluded that it is actually the opposite argument, but the two papers make a fascinating side-by-side comparison.
APPENDICES, relation of which to foregoing discussion will be neither confirmed nor denied
1. Here is a story about a man who has, for the last forty-two years, been single-handedly building a castle for himself in the Colorado wilds.
2. Taos, New Mexico:
the watercolors of Cady Wells,
the wood carvings of Patrocinio Barela,
and, of course, earthships.
I've been interested in maps since at least age eight. I remember talking to one of my sister's friends out front of our old house. He wanted to be a meteorologist. I wanted to be a "map-ist." I had never heard the word "cartographer" at that point.
I was ostensibly studying jazz music at the Banff Centre last year; I was there under a jazz fellowship, even if I ended up spending a bunch of my time writing a Disklavier piece and recording a folk album and teaching myself to play drums. But I practiced a lot of piano, too, and worked on improvisation and transcription for a lot of hours. One day I was sitting in the dining room long after finishing lunch, enjoying an irresponsibly copious amount of coffee and ignoring the annoyed glances of the mostly Australian workers who were waiting for us to leave so they could clean up (fellow Banffites will recognize this scenario). And I was chatting with a friend who very astutely recognized that I don't really want to be a "jazz musician" at all -- what I want to be is an explorer.
And that's exactly right. For me it's never been about being a "composer," or a "performer," or a "professional," or an "academic," or God help us an "expert" or "specialist" or even an "artist." It's about exploring, searching. (Verbs, not nouns.) Later that day I wrote a rather lyrical credo on the subject that closed like this:
"I want to explore music in every way I can, searching for myself, for humanity, for the experience of life and of living at its most raw, pulsing, its most vulnerable, its most unadorned, stripped-down, bare, wild."
Incidentally inspired by this passage from the opening chapter of Jack Kerouac's The Dharma Bums, a book of course about searching:
"Happy. Just in my swim shorts, barefooted, wild-haired, in the red fire dark, singing, swigging wine, spitting, jumping, running—that's the way to live. All alone and free in the soft sands of the beach by the sigh of the sea out there, with the Ma-Wink fallopian virgin warm stars reflecting on the outer channel fluid belly waters."
Now, any decent explorer can tell you the importance of a good map.
I've been interested for some time in the analogy of composing to cartography. I suppose this may have originated from my occasionally puppydogish infatuation with the whole musical worldview of John Luther Adams. But JLA isn't really drawing maps of places, at least in his more recent music. He's actually translating the places into music, often using objective data like tidbits of native languages, seismic data, etc.
My approach to musical cartography has always been totally subjective. I go somewhere, it gives me something unique and personal, and I use that impetus to guide the creation of some music.
I wrote about this two years ago, coincidentally also while in New Mexico, and mentioned it recently as a wonderfully serendipitous point of connection between my interests and those of poet Katie Peterson, whose words I set in The Accounts.
Which, let us not forget, will premiere in just a month, 24 September, with Singers on New Ground in Chicago. Curtiss Hall, Fine Arts Building downtown.
But while I was writing The Accounts I was also considering a different sort of cartographical composing. What if there were no physical place involved, but the music itself, as we travel through it in performance, were the place? And then the score becomes the map that the players and listeners use to explore this invented sonic landscape.
I like that very much.
So that was on my mind while I was doing the composing. And then I finished the pencil draft and, as I will, threw everything in the back of my car and plowed west across the country. A couple weeks later I found myself at Cottonwood Gulch base camp in Thoreau, New Mexico, way up in the high desert.
A few days in, a couple guys recruited me (and my vehicle) for a day trip to an isolated canyon full of fantastical hoodoo formations. Did I mention that it's isolated? It's outrageously isolated. This is one of those places that you would never, never, find if you weren't traveling with someone who knew exactly where it was. There are no signs. You're on your own finding this place.
But of course we had a map! It was a beaut, too. I still have it. It was scrawled in Sharpie on the back of a brown paper sack. It included a drawing of base camp with figures standing outside. It was missing road numbers, distances were relative, scale was of course not at all considered. It featured the occasional question mark.
Oh, it was wonderful. We drove off into that lunar desert landscape and followed our map past unbelievable homestead ruins, old hogans with the roofs caved in, houses with decades-old broken down refrigerators, one mysterious windmill. The final landmark was a tire on a pole. You turn left into the chaparral a little ways past that, and Bob's your uncle there you are.
This whole experience accorded awfully well with my aesthetic leanings of the moment. I was polishing off the final, nicely digitized score of The Accounts, and as usual I was looking for justifications of my normal instinct to minimize notational complexity. I didn't want to litter the vocal line with dynamics and phrase markings and inflections. I wanted naturalness, flow. I didn't want a constantly changing landscape of emotional nuances. I wanted an authentic, steady state. Most of all, I wanted the performers to be part of the experience. I wanted everyone in the room traveling together, trying to decode this odd and fanciful little map, arguing about whether to trust it. Everyone involving themselves in the experience. Everyone seeing--hearing--this bizarre and unique landscape for the first time.
I hope it worked! We can all find out on the 24th of September.
Because later in the summer I was staffing a wilderness expedition for a gaggle of 13-year-olds, driving giant vans around the southwest, stopping for hikes, curios, and the occasional four-day backpack. And our group leader had these absolutely beautiful New Mexico and Colorado gazetteers in the front seat. I'm telling you, it was like The Never-Ending Story when I opened those things. Sitting shotgun I would pull out the Colorado map and just fall in. Completely lose myself. There was so much detail, so many little items--old mines, peaks, towns that may no longer exist, roads I didn't know about, routes and connections that I never would have considered.
And we found a lot of things using those maps. We found some places we never would've known about stumbling through with a brown paper sack.
So, while you're still not likely to catch me using seven articulation marks on a single note, I'm forced to admit that a detailed map, when drawn artistically, can be more useful. I suppose that theoretically it can have just as much personality as a roughly drawn map, although I'm not yet convinced (this is why I still love outsider art so much).
I'm starting a new piece soon, and I plan to know the landscape well before I start drawing. I don't want to lose the communal feeling of traveling together, but I'm hoping I can add some details and maintain the feeling of individual involvement in the process.
Because it's important to know a lot about where you are and where you're going. But no one wants to go on a road trip with every detail of the route planned in advance. Everyone wants the opportunity to see a crazy sign on the side of the road and demand that the driver pull over. We all need some space for spontaneity, for serendipity, for the unintentional bliss of experience.
One really nice thing about being in the woods all summer is catching up on a lot of wonderful internet reading. When you're part of the daily grind there's an awful lot to sift through, and it gets exhausting. When you have a few months of back information it's easier to skip some of the chaff and get at the good stuff.
First, this bit about humor in Beethoven from Jeremy Denk. Terrific writing that points up the gulf in listening abilities out there. Most untrained ears these days are not accustomed to listening for syntactical turns and twists of the sort they can comprehend in a paragraph of Bill Bryson (or Jeremy Denk). In fact, his point about Classical-era emotional mutability vs. Romantic-era emotional blockishness implicitly provides us a possible explanation. Because many of us listen to music with a paradigm still shaped by post-Romantic expectations, we listen for blocks--steady states of being, consistent tones. What kind of piece is this? Sad or happy? Passionate, heroic? It's a "beautiful" piece, usually, and we expect to feel the same way most of the way through. The "beautiful" stamp protects us from really understanding the syntax, the twists and turns, the subtlety, the irony, the humor.
On a totally different note there is also this article about postmodernism (apparently officially deceased) by Edward Docx, and I just think everyone curious about cultural history needs to read it. One of my final history credits in undergrad was an independent study on this exact subject, looking at various cultural products deemed "postmodern" and trying to figure out what they had in common. I didn't do very well, and a lot of people more widely read than I have called off the entire project of defining postmodernism. Docx is able to do it in a matter of paragraphs, and if his definition isn't 100% watertight, at least it's succinct, comprehensible, and consistent, which is more than I can say for any other attempt I've come across.
After reading Peter Gay's weighty (...flabby?) Modernism: The Lure of Heresy, I was ready to declare postmodernism just modernism, volume 2. It seemed to be many of the same things happening again. This is a common idea to encounter if you fall under the influence of aging academics who believe that all the interesting cultural developments of the twentieth century happened in the first half (I did hear a musicology prof say that exact thing to a class). Of course, this is all a matter of what you include and don't include under each heading, because in any sort of movement categorization you're going to get precursors, outliers, outsiders, iconoclasts, visionaries, reactionaries, thrilling people, boring people, and every other type of people adding their artistic or philosophical two cents into the mix.
This is perhaps why Docx is so successful, because he picks a fairly narrow range of dates (not his own, but borrowed from the postmodern art retrospective exhibition with which he kicks off the paper). He's also willing to select some important examples and dismiss much--the necessary historiographical sin, or perhaps the heart of the historiographical art. A favorite moment is when he spends a paragraph (one paragraph!) summarizing postmodernism's philosophical underpinnings... and then closes it like this:
"Sadly, 75 per cent of the rest of the stuff written about postmodernism is nonsensical, incoherent, self-contradicting or otherwise emblematic of the crap that has consumed the academic world of linguistics and 'continental' philosophy for too long."
I'm sure it's more complicated than he's making it seem, but it's still awfully thrilling to have an excellent writer explain you something complex in a satisfying way.
He even gives us a vision of what may be coming next. It's really nice and I'm not going to spoil it for you. Check out the article.
Then finally there is this NY Times piece about Pi Recordings, an avant-jazz label that is succeeding, somehow -- by putting out great music, having an identity, a lovely website, beautiful album packaging. You can't just chalk it up to marketing. I found them because they released Steve Coleman's amazing and mystifying Harvesting Semblances and Affinities last year, and everyone with an ear for interesting jazz-based music was flipping out over it. They're one of those few labels I make an effort to buy from directly, rather than saving a few bucks on Amazon, because I appreciate what they're doing and want to support them and their musicians.
The re-emergence of the record label as an organizing force among the chaff-heavy internet proliferance of musical content is a fascinating story, and only the beginning has been written.
I read the Music Primer shortly before I left Banff, and this morning I rediscovered a file of favorite passages. We all need to be primed once in a while.
• 1 •
"Modern life" is high-decibel chaos, in smog. The civilization which invented it is clearly bent headlong to suicide, & I profoundly mistrust anything in it that is regarded as "First Class" or "First Rate." Brand X is more likely to be for Life & Love. There has never been a "big, First Class" civilization that was not founded on slavery. Question: Do we need "big, First Class" civilizations??
• 2 •
The path to silliness nowadays is to allow one's self to become indebted to a silly society -- do not do it. Find out what you yourself can & will afford -- do only that.
• 3 •
Originality, personality, or style can neither be encouraged nor prevented. Forget the matter.
• Gone Walkabout
• Music as Drama
• Crossroads II
• 10 Best of 2014
• January: Wyoming and the Open
• February: New Mexico and the Holes
• Coming Up
• Notes on The Accounts
• Crossroad Blues